HEALTH

 

Healthy food, in appropriate amounts, provides children with the nutrients and energy needed daily for growth and development, as well as the foundation for lifelong good health. But, children are not well nourished: Many are eating too many “junk” and processed foods and too few healthy foods like vegetables and fruits, milk and whole grains, Children who are hungry or poorly nourished are more irritable, lethargic and easily distracted, Rates of overweight and obese children are at an all-time high, Aboriginal children are experiencing overweight and obesity rates two to three times greater than the already high rates found in the general population. So, we should know Children who are hungry or poorly nourished (e.g., higher intakes of foods and beverages high in calories, fat, sugar or salt such as chips, donuts, soft drinks) may: Be irritable, aggressive or moody, Be uninterested in learning situations and do poorly at school Be unable to concentrate and focus on tasks. Have less energy for daily activities. So, good nutrition is important for overall health, growth and development for all children and youth. It is important to provide children with nutritious foods in appropriate amounts to support their mental, physical and emotional health and well-being. Children and youth who eat right and are active tend to:

Have a healthy body weight

Feel good about themselves

Have the energy to be active

Have stronger muscles and bones

Enjoy overall better health

Child obesity is in great increase globally and it has become very common since opportunities are less for children for physical activities and children are Energetic, curious and eager to learn. Bones and muscles are in the process of development. Fine muscle co ordination needs strengthening. Claudia’s physical activities in the video is very impressing. The educator gives an importance to physical activities by providing better support and for improving the nutritional quality of foods provided to children, So, all childhood educators should be aware of the risk factors and devise few activities that would help the children overcome obesity related problems. So, help caregivers should promote healthy behaviors as it highlights the key strategies for preventing obesity in child-care settings, including:

  • Modifying food service practices;
  • Integrating opportunities for physical activity into the classroom curriculum;
  • Providing classroom-based nutrition education; and
  • Engaging parents through educational newsletters or activities.
  • Provide lots of opportunity for physical activity
  • Give great importance to safety and personal supervision
  • Provide encouragement and enthusiasm to make children try new activities

Washing Hands Keeps us Healthy.

Washing Hands Keeps us Healthy.

Good hand washing always protects children against the spread of many illnesses and dangerous diseases. Children always bring home a delicious mud pie, a good-luck rock, a friendly frog —. But these adorable gifts also can bring millions of germs with them. Children don’t always listen when parents tell them to wash their hands before eating, after using the bathroom, or when they come inside from playing. But it’s a message worth repeating — hand washing is by far the best way to prevent germs from spreading and to keep kids from getting sick.

When children come into contact with germs, they can unknowingly become infected simply by touching their eyes, nose, or mouth. And once they’re infected, it’s usually just a matter of time before the whole family comes down with the same illness. Good hand washing is the first line of defense against the spread of many illnesses — from the common cold to more serious infections, Germs can spread many ways, including:

  • touching dirty hands
  • changing dirty diapers
  • through contaminated water and food
  • through droplets in the air released during a cough or sneeze
  • on contaminated surfaces
  • through contact with a sick person’s body fluids
  • The Importance of Washing Hands

    Children, pre – schoolers, toddlers everyone should wash their hands before and after eating, post using the toilet, when they come home. And keeping the germs from spreading, washing hands becomes quintessential if one is sick. Children are vulnerable to infections, and hygiene plays a vital role when it comes to good health. They just love to play with ash and mud and go exploring reaching and touching everything and anything. They are totally confident about picking up a ball from a dirty drain or rolling in the dirt, whenever they have the chance. Cute, isn’t it? Yes, but these little palms and tiny fingers carry numerous germs that can spread and take away the gleeful smile of your little one.

    • We should make our child learn the importance of hygiene – explain why is it important to wash after using the potty
    • When the child sits down to eat, we should explain to him that cleaning the hands thoroughly before dining is very important because that’s how germs mostly go inside
    • When the child touches a soiled diaper or anything like that, we should teach the need to clean the hands

     

    10 Ways to Teach Kids the Importance of Washing Hands

    Make Children enjoy the process of learning as we did in velammal.

    1. We should lead and be a role model: children don’t understand that it is dirty because they have no idea what are germs. We have to be patient, smiling, and caring to show by example. At first, they just learn from our feedbacks. So, we should make sure that children are washing your hands thoroughly after coming out of the washroom, before and after finishing meals
    2. We should make it a fun activity: Putting the hand under the tap may be a normal experience for us, but for the child it is something new and amazing. In fact, it is amazing to watch a little one having fun with the flow of water. Garden pipes and water guns are among the favorite toys of childhood.
    3. We should make it an attractive experience: Present a special towel to your child which has his favorite cartoon character. This can be a great reward when the child washes his hands by himself for the first time during potty training. It is best to opt for colorful soaps (you do not have to stress on antibacterial properties), go for foams that makes our toddler feel like washing often
    1. We should make it convenient: Understandably, kids are small and the sink is often high. So, we need to arrange a safe footstool or a wooden stair set to help tour child. Everything, from towels to the soap should be accessible
    2. We should sing on the go: To make it enjoyable decide on A song that our child loves and could ask him to sing it out loud when using the sink. This will ensure the time to scrub and clean up
    3. We should make it a routine: Before mealtimes, it is better and a must to announce that the child needs to wash his hands. We should do so also. Similarly after ending a meal or a snack, head for the basin again. This would make hand washing a routine experience and the child will imbibe it from an early age
    4. We should make it authoritative: Every moment recognize whom the child really idolizes. A grandparent, an elder cousin- ask them to stress on hand washing when the child is around. Inform the parents to get the doctor speak about it the next time when they visit the clinic
    5. We should tell the important things: Good to tell them the important things like closing the tap after washing the hands or not trying to see how the soap tastes. They understand by stories. There is no need to scare them away, but weave in something that they will understand.
    6. We should make use of other resources: Generous utility of books, stories, other creative and interactive media to make our child understand the basics and importance of hand washing:
    7. We should keep sanitizers: Yes, at all times the sink cannot be there. Always carry some sanitizers, wipes etc. in our handbag so that germs get not even a minuscule chance to get inside the children’s body
    We should never scare our Children with Germs

    We should note that science actually confirms that playing in the dirt is not bad! Besides helping our children to grow hardy and enjoy life to its full frivolous fun. Three years ago, in 2011, a researcher from the Oregon State University, Sharyn Clough proved that women who grew up playing in the dirt were healthier than the ones who grew up too ‘clean’ playing Barbie dolls and dollhouses. Besides, common sense also says that the earth has mineral nutrients. After all, the trees grow on earth and from the ground!
    All we have to do is to see that the playground is safe and clean, preferably with a grass bed. And, keep a fast aid kit handy in case we need to attend to a cut. Also, arrange safety gear such as helmets, knee guards, and elbow guards if our children are just learning how to bicycle. Obviously, this also does not mean we will be neglecting our children. Not at all! Just learn to keep a balance in everything. We should not be too strict with washing hands. Neither should we be too strict or negligent about playing.

CHILD DEVELOPMENT

CHILD DEVELOPMENT

HUMAN LEARNING PROCESS

  • Learning changes the physical structure of the brain
  • These structural changes alter the organization of the brain. Ongoing learning continues to re-organize the brain.
  • Different parts of the brain may be ready to learn at different times and this creates “learning windows” for particular abilities.

A premise in education is that we learn what matters to us.

  • Healthy curiosity and good language skills in the early years will lay the foundation for learning.
  • The more a child explores and is exposed to new situations, the more that will matter to her, and the more she will want to learn.
  • In a brain, there are millions of neurons, which form the electrical connections that let us think.
  • These cells send their signals through axons.
  • Thicker the myelin sheath, quicker is the connections.

HOW DEVELOPMENT WORKS

  • Even before your child is born, all the nerve cells she will ever possess have been formed. These nerve cells are like a mass of unconnected electrical wires. From the time your child is born, her brain will constantly strive to connect the wires

But what makes the wires connect and what does the connection mean to a growing child?

  • Every time an infant is held, read to, or plays with a toy, these nerves make connections.

Child Safety Outside

Child Safety Outside

safety outside

safety outside garden
Lock your shed, garage and storage boxes. Also lock away hand tools. Keep lawnmowers, chainsaws and power tools out of reach. When using tools, make sure your child is out of the way. Unplug tools when not in use. Keep household poisons out of reach, out of sight and locked away, at least 1.5 metres up. Keep emergency numbers near the phone. Read more about making your home safe for your child.
  • For playground safety, always supervise your child as she plays. Or better still, play with her!
  • Sun safety means sunscreen, a hat and sunglasses, 10 am-3 pm, September to April, when the UV radiation is strongest.
  • Fence off dangerous plants, or remove them until your child knows not to eat them (usually around three years).

Indoor Safety of Children

Indoor Safety of Children

Home safety: fire, medicine and water

  • Install smoke detectors and safety switches. Have hot water delivered to bathroom taps at 50ºC maximum.
  • Lock up medicines and household poisons, including essential oils, matches, lighters and cleaning products.
  • Stay within arm’s reach and sight of young children in the bath at all times and when kids are near any water.

 

Door, window and stair safety

  • Install safety glass in windows and doors or apply shatter-resistant film to windows and doors of older homes. Put stickers on glass at eye level.
  • Lock windows. Move chairs and other things away from windows. Mount TVs on walls or place them so they can’t fall on your child.
  • Put safety gates at the top and bottom of stairs and at the entrances to balconies
  • .

 

Household hazards

  • Store sharp items out of children’s reach. Watch out for small items and small objects your child could swallow or stick into his nose, ears or eyes.
  • Prevent strangulation by keeping chains and cords on blinds and curtains shorter than 5 cm – not long enough to wrap around your child’s neck.
  • Pin up emergency numbers and other useful safety contacts near the phone. Read more tips in our article on making your home safe for your child.